What is Hypertension ? Causes ,Treatment and Preventation

Hypertension is the one of the most common disorder.İt characterized as a increase blood pressure in the arteries  so it is harmful for the wall of the arteries.We measure blood pressure with two important point.Systolic and diastolic blood pressure.

Systolic blood pressure  means  blood pressure during the heart contraction.And diastolic pressure means relaxation of the heart after contraction.Those are important things for us,because there are some different value for systolic and diastolic pressure.

What is the normal value of Blood pressure ?

Normal standard range for blood pressure for systolic: 120-140 and diastolic :60-90 ,if those value goes up ,which means after 140 systolic pressure and 90 diastolic pressure, it called hypertension.Hypertension is not a single disease because it gives many contra effect to the other organs and system of the body.Hypertension can cause heart attack,kidney failure, vascular diseases and eyes problems.

What people should do for Hypertension ?

People who have hypertension must be more careful for what they eating or drinking ,Because some minerals and food may increase blood pressure  for instance ;
People with hypertension should reduce sodium intake for example salt,Salt is the main thing that increase blood pressure.

Some facts about Hypertension in United State 

About 1 in 3 U.S. have hypertension those means  about 68 million people in U.S. has high blood pressure.
İn 2008 about 238.000 death with primary cause of Hypertension
Only half of people have under control of hypertension

Cause of Hypertension
There are mainly two types of hypertension causes ,one of the Primary hypertension and the other Secondary hypertension.

Primary hypertension

Primary hypertension is the most common type of the hypertension, causes for the primary hypertension in unknown.Most commonly seen  in obese people,metabolic syndrome and people who are smoker.

Secondary hypertension

Secondary hypertension is the result of the other diseases,such renal diseases most common cause of the secondary hypertension and other diseases such as ;Cushing syndrome,Feokrositoma,Hyperthroidism,Hypothroidism,Acromegaly,Obesity,Acromegaly,Pregnancy and Conn's syndrome.

How we can prevent the Hypertension ?

Maintain your normal body weight
Take low dietary sodium intake
Drink less alcohol not more than 3 units/day
Consume a diet rich in fruit and vegetables
Lifestyle modification also important

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